July 16th, 2014
Remember the talk of cargo cults in the 1960s in Melanesia? People in some of the least developed countries believed they were seeing a god-like revelation, when planes carrying items from the industrialised world arrived in their lands from the skies. It was a clash of cultures, a disjunction that pointed up some of the inequalities across our world.
I got an inverted sense of this kind of thinking on flying recently to the UK from impoverished Nepal via the oil rich gulf states. Here a ‘reverse cargo’ cult was developing, but now the cargo is human. The vast majority of the 250 passengers climbing aboard the plane (see photo) in Katmandu were young Nepali men, returning or looking for work in the huge construction projects being developed in centres like Abu Dhabi and Dubai.
This is the world of the remittance economy, where young men earn money abroad to send back for supporting their families and children at home. They make real the dreams of the oil sheikhs, dreams of soaring office blocks and World Cup 2022 football in Qatar.
Nepal and India are heavily involved in this, but things are often not what they seem. The young man beside me on the plane talked about his experience in night security work – long hours, bad living conditions and low wages, with the security companies taking the lion’s share of the contract monies.
The construction work is often dangerous and in some cases workers have been forcibly prevented from returning to their own countries. Many have died on the work.
In an interesting article, “Oil-Led Development: Social, Political, and Economic Consequences”, Terry Lynn Carl from Stanford University describes the impact that this model of oil-led economic growth – with the importing of cheap labour – has on the receiving countries, creating slower growth, a lack of incentives, high unemployment, poverty, poor government and corruption. This ‘paradox of plenty’ or the ‘resource curse’ has harmful repercussions for the dominant resource-rich countries too.
June 6th, 2014
I acquired this particular piece of quarter cut oak timber about 40 years ago from a joiner’s shop in Brixton. I knew it was something special from the start but had no idea what I would use it for. About 40 inches long, it was covered in dust and dirt and has lived in the cellar, waiting for its turn to be called.
For years I’ve kept an eye on it but knew that it was much too good for just another cellar shelf for storing boxes or jars. And it had one potential defect – a curved split about six inches long, which would always be very obvious, whatever I used it for. A few years ago I planed the top of it with care and found a lovely surface – but again put it away, waiting for inspiration.
As happens so often, the idea dawned on me when not expected. We were up on Tyneside a couple of years ago visiting friends and walked down to The Biscuit Factory (www.thebiscuitfactory.com/), Britain’s largest arts, crafts and design gallery, where a curved walnut hall table caught my eye. It was its two shapely black steel legs which excited me most. I took a couple of photos and let the idea mature.
I soon realized however that the curving of the top was the solution to the existing split and could be extended along the length of the piece to make a new hall table at The Larches. By then I knew too that the long steel legs would be out of place. I needed an elegant solution and not a couple of L-shaped grey brackets!
A visit to see Martin our local blacksmith came up with just the answer – a D-shaped metal support under the shelf with a Δ-shaped support welded at right angles to it for fixing to the wall. A call to a local joiner friend with a heavyweight bandsaw and router got the cutting and shaping job done in half an hour.
Now that it’s in place, sanded and oiled you can see just how beautiful is this near 100 year old quarter sawn oak shelf with its light flecking, rippling across the surface from end to end. Rarely available now, because it’s too expensive to cut in this way, quartered oak became popular at the end of the 19th century. It was typically used in the Arts and Crafts movement and fits perfectly in to The Larches style.
June 4th, 2014
Ok so what’s so interesting about the two pictures below? Just a couple of stones and a pretty young Nepali girl? What’s the story?
One cold January morning five years ago I remember carrying the large stoop stone on the left of the picture up the bank at The Larches with four other friends to where we planned to erect it beside the breakfast terrace. I had found it in a neighbouring farmer’s field and the owner kindly allowed me to take it for our garden.
It fascinated me because of its age and construction. Made of a huge piece of Lakeland slate, it weighed well over 2 cwt and had six beautifully crafted square holes. This stoop stone, one of a pair, was designed – in the days before hinged gates – for holding cattle in enclosed fields and keeping other animals out. It was probably 200 to 300 years old. It became evident from my research that similar ones could be found in Cumbria, but otherwise they were not widely known or found.
The stoop stone system allows a farmer to place bars in the holes at either side of the opening and remove them again when access was required. One of the stoop stones has square holes to prevent rotation of the pole and the other has round ones to facilitate opening and shutting of the gateway.
I had definitely not thought that this kind of stoop stone gate was found outside the UK, until last month, when I walked through a narrow cobbled pathway in a small village in Nepal near Pokhara. On the track that was leading up towards the Annapurna Sanctuary I was approached by this young girl, who was happy to be photographed beside this lovely old three holed stoop stone.
Is this an example of quite independent technological development in two different countries, or adoption of a practice as a result of travellers or others spreading information and promoting the idea? If you can tell me of other countries, where you’ve seen similar old stoop stones, I’d be really interested! Better still, send me a photo of it!
June 3rd, 2014
We’ve recently returned from a fascinating visit to Nepal, where we were bringing some laptops from America via Manchester. These had been supplied by the internet travel company, Orbitz Worldwide. The aim is to support schools in the mountainous Helambu area, which are keen to encourage their students to learn computer and IT skills. This Kids on the Grid project is supported by the Helambu Education and Livelihood Project (HELP), which is backed by a UK based charity, The Mondo Challenge Foundation.
It’s 21 years since we last visited the area, when our daughter Chloe was a volunteer teacher there and important developments have taken place. The construction of rough roads mean that we didn’t need to trek for 10 hours to reach one particular school, but travel to the different schools by jeep still remained slow with the road in places, turning into deep mud or made simply of rough stone and rocks. The photo above shows well the mountainous terrain in which the schools are set.
HELP and the schools have made great strides in building 78 new classrooms over the last three years and these improvements have certainly helped to push up attendance at the schools. Jimmy Lama, Director of HELP is keen to use the laptops to introduce the children to the new world of technology and the Internet.
This is no easy task since the 25 schools can be far apart and are at heights of up to 2,500 meters. For effective Internet connections, they need satellite technology (very expensive) or line of sight connected antennae (expensive). Our report on our visit, which included 2 days of teacher training, highlighted the need for staff themselves to develop more computer skills and this is now being planned.
The photos below show the presentation of computers to staff at one of the schools, with some of the children looking on; and a woman with her young child beside one of the new classrooms at another school which we visited. By the time her daughter is 7, we hope she’ll be able to make a start on finding out what a computer can do!
April 3rd, 2014
After months of debate and reviews of a mass of scientific reports, the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has this last week produced its long debated (second) report on the effects of a warming planet. The report includes a summary of the ten “climate related drivers of impacts” – see figure below.
The report is clear and deeply worrying and affects all of us. No country can avoid the ‘overwhelming’ impact of climate change, but most at risk are those living in low lying areas where rising sea levels will force mass migrations of population to other areas.
Other results of our unwillingness to cut back on carbon emissions will mean tundra regions will warm and polar ice caps melt, crop levels will be affected and fish catches will be smaller. The BBC’s website provides an excellent summary of the report. (http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-26810559)
It’s obvious that despite the evidence of the Impact of global warming on our climate and on future generations, there has been since 2009 – when we first started commenting on this issue on this blog – a growing reluctance by many governments to take the robust actions we need to avert the growing crisis.
Perhaps because of this, Chris Field, the Chair of the IPCC Committee indicates that effective actions can actually be taken. For instance we can build defences against rising sea levels and locally cut CO2 emissions. These actions will require in the words of the report ‘ambitious investment’, but politicians and the constituencies they serve need to understand that in the long run this is the safest and only route that we can take.
A copy of the full report (in pdf format) can be downloaded from the IPCC website.